Hops Toxicity in Dogs

With the rising popularity of home brewing, hops ingestion and toxicity in dogs is becoming more common in the ER. Ingestion of hops in dogs causes malignant hyperthermia, however the mechanism of action is unknown. The toxic component of the plant is also unknown, but essential oils, resins, phenolic compounds or nitrogenous constituents have been considered. Toxicity can occur from both raw and spent hops. Symptoms of Hops Toxicity in Dogs Body temperature often exceeds 105°F…

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Update on Canine Influenza (H3N2)

There are new outbreaks of the H3N2 strain of influenza occurring in dogs.  This is the mutated strain that was first seen in Asia and not the same as the H3N8 strain that was originally seen in the United States (Florida and Louisiana). With any newer strain, outbreaks will happen in immunologically naive populations which is what has been seen (previously in Houston, Chicago, Atlanta).   We recommend Upper Respiratory PCR testing of any dog with upper…

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Treatment Options for Feline and Canine Stomatitis

Feline and canine stomatitis are very different diseases with differing etiology, presentation and outcomes. Feline Stomatitis    Several pathogens have been suggested as a cause or factor in the development of feline stomatitis (lymphoplasmacytic gingivostomatitis, feline chronic gingivitis and stomatitis) including calicivirus, FIV, feline leukemia, and Bartonella hensleae.  More in depth investigation has shown that feline calcivirus infection is often present in cats with feline chronic gingivitis and stomatitis (FCGS) but other pathogens are not…

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