Tips for Diagnosing Septic Peritonitis in Dogs & Cats

Septic peritonitis is a challenging problem to diagnose and treat in dogs and cats. Early diagnosis may improve survival as it will lead to quicker surgical resolution and elimination of the septic foci. Part of the challenge is that is that the physical examination only positively predicts those that require surgery 50% of the time (Walters, 2003).  Dr. Natashia Evans and Dr. Jayme Hoffberg gives the following tips to help diagnose septic peritonitis: Tips for Diagnosing…

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Antimicrobial Coverage for Severe Soft Tissue Infections in Dogs

Careful consideration should be made as to the antibiotic used in dogs with severe soft tissue infections with subcutaneous cellulitis, pyrexia, +/- signs of severe sepsis or septic shock.  Some dogs have a history of injury but others may not. Approximately 60% of these dogs have strep or staph as the causative agent.  Strep in particular is good at causing septic shock.  Fluroquinolones are contraindicated in severe soft tissue/necrotizing infections because they have limited activity against…

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Important: Other Sources of Xylitol to Dogs

Xylitol is a sugar-free sweetener used in chewing gum, baked goods, and many other products created for human consumption. It is commonly used by people with Diabetes Mellitus due to its low glycemic index and low-calorie content. Xylitol can be highly toxic to dogs, causing low blood sugar and liver failure.  The hypoglycemia is caused by insulin release stimulated by xylitol.  This effect generally lasts 12-24 hours but can be delayed.  The liver failure…

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