Malassezia Dermatitis

Malassezia dermatitis is an infection of the skin caused by a yeast named Malassezia pachydermitis. This is a common yeast that is normally found in small amounts on the skin of dogs and cats. In animals with allergies, hormonal diseases, scaling disorders or in those pets that have been treated with steroids, the yeast increase in number and the pet may develop Malassezia dermatitis. West Highland white terriers, Basset Hounds, American Cocker Spaniels,…

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Interdigital Folliculitis and Furunculosis (“Interdigital Cysts”)

Interdigital folliculitis and furunculosis (IFF) is a common presenting problem. I see at least one case per day! Why? It is a frustrating skin problem in many dogs and for many veterinarians and pet parents. There are predisposing causes, primary diseases that contribute, and secondary problems that exacerbate. The cause is multifactorial. The management is multimodal. The approach to a dog with IFF starts with the recognition of the problem, identification of any predisposing factors…

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Inhalent Allergies

Typically, allergies to pollen, mold, dust, etc. develop between 1-3 years of age. Animals usually do not outgrow their allergies and often times the allergy worsens with age. Scratching, rubbing, licking or chewing face, feet, limbs, armpits, and sides are all common signs of allergies. Additionally, one may see ear infections, runny red eyes, and sneezing. Animals with allergies are more likely to get secondary bacterial and/or yeast infections of their skin. Diagnosing and treating…

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Hypothyroidism and Skin Changes in Dogs

Hypothyroidism, an under production of thyroid hormone, is reported to be the most common hormonal disease in dogs. It may affect any breed as well as mixed breed dogs. Golden Retrievers, Doberman Pinschers, and Labrador Retrievers appear to be at an increased risk of developing the disease. Typically, one sees hypothyroidism in dogs between the ages of 6 and 10 years, but it can appear at 2 years of age in large and giant breeds…

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“Hot Spots” in Dogs

The term “hot spot” is commonly used by pet owners to describe localized lesional areas of skin that may or may not be itchy to the dog. “Hot spots” are a common reason dogs are presented to the veterinarian. To a veterinary dermatologist, a “hot spot” is actually a condition so bothersome to the dog that we consider it an emergency. While we understand what pet owners are trying to convey by use of the term…

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