Feeding Tubes for Short and Long Term Nutritional Needs in Pets

Adequate nutrition can be an important aspect in the management of any disease process.  There is an ever-growing body of evidence that supports the use of nutrition early on in many diseases.  Early and appropriate nutrition can hasten recovery, shorten hospitalization, and even decrease the level of pain or discomfort in patients.  The fact that in some cases our patients will not eat willingly on their own can present a challenge in the process of…

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Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Dogs and Cats

Endoscopy is a minimally invasive way to evaluate the inside of organs such as the esophagus, stomach, intestines, urinary system, trachea, lungs, and nasal cavity. Additionally, endoscopy can be performed to evaluate the inside of body cavities including the abdomen (laparoscopy) or chest (thoracoscopy). During endoscopy, an endoscope is inserted directly into an organ through a natural opening in the body or into a body cavity through one or more small incisions.  An endoscope is…

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Cushing’s Syndrome (Cushing's Disease) in Dogs

Cushing’s syndrome, also commonly called Cushing’s Disease, is a common disorder of the canine endocrine system.  Dogs with Cushing’s syndrome produce an excessive amount of a hormone called cortisol. Normally, cortisol helps the body respond to stress. However, over production of cortisol can have harmful effects on your dog’s organs, diminishing health and vitality. The vast majority of dogs develop Cushing’s syndrome due to a tumor of the pituitary gland (Pituitary Dependent Cushing’s).  Most of…

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Diabetes Mellitus in Cats and Dogs

Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.  Insulin allows glucose (a sugar) to be absorbed into the cells. When insulin production decreases, blood sugar rises. A combination of high blood sugar and glucose in the urine typically confirms the diagnosis of diabetes. Some pets (especially cats) have high blood sugar from stress alone. If there is a question about whether your pet is truly diabetic, a fructosamine test…

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Dogs and Cats

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), also known as diet or food responsive diarrhea, food intolerance or food allergy, antibiotic responsive diarrhea, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, protein losing enteropathy, and lymphangectasia, is a catch-all term used to describe a syndrome of chronic stomach and intestinal disorders as the result of inflammatory in the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa. More recently the term chronic enteropathy has been used.   Although the exact cause is poorly understood, many believe genetic factors, interactions…

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