The Dyspneic Cat – Is it the Heart or Lower Airways?

Almost daily, I encounter a radiographic study of a cat in respiratory distress and commonly, the etiology is either congestive heart failure (CHF) or chronic small airway disease such as asthma.  Congestive heart failure has a predictable set of radiographic findings as described below and easier to discern from asthmatic cases.  Asthmatic cases can be challenging to diagnose radiographically as many appear normal or have a questionable bronchial lung pattern even in the most severely…

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Interventional Cardiology

Certain heart problems can be addressed in a minimally invasive manner by accessing the heart and internal blood vessels through peripheral blood vessels in the neck or leg, rather than opening the chest.  Fluoroscopy, which uses X-rays to create video images, provides real-time guidance of movements through the heart and vessels.  These procedures are the treatment of choice for many patients in human cardiology and are also available for pets.  Specific cardiac diseases treated by…

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Interventional Radiology – A New Approach to Old Problems

Interventional Radiology (IR) has become the go-to therapeutic modality in recent years for a large array of clinical problems that historically required more invasive and debilitating surgical procedures. Successful IR requires the close cooperation of multiple specialty fields. Detailed diagnostic information is often necessary to allow the primary consulting specialist to know which IR team members will need to be engaged in the treatment of a given patient and condition. We have recently restructured our…

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