Glaucoma in Dogs

Maintenance of normal pressure within the eye depends on a delicate balance between production and escape of internal eye uid (aqueous humor). In glaucoma, the fluid drains too slowly or is completely blocked. As the fluid builds up, the pressure inside the eye rises to dangerous levels causing pain as well as retina and optic nerve damage. What Causes Glaucoma in Pets? Causes of aqueous humor blockage include: Inherited, born with an abnormal drainage…

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New Treatment for Corneal Ulcers

Corneal ulcers are a common eye problem for cats and dogs.  In addition to treating an ulcer with a topical antibiotic, artificial tear supplement and pain medication, adding a tetracycline drug can aid healing. Tetracycline drugs function as more than just an antibiotic. They also function as antiproteases and enhance the epithelialization of corneal ulcers. Tetracyclines (doxycycline, minocycline, oxytetracycline [Terramycin]) have anti-collagenase effects and anti-inflammatory effects on the ocular surface. Tetracyclines have been shown to…

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New Topical Therapy for Feline Eosinophilic Keratoconjunctivitis

Feline eosinophilic keratoconjunctivitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the cornea and/or conjunctiva.  It is characterized by mucopurulent discharge and pink/white raised plaques on the cornea or conjunctiva.  Eosinophils are often noted on corneal cytology which confirms the diagnosis. Treatment of eosinophilic keratoconjunctivitis Treatment of eosinophilic keratoconjunctivitis is topical anti-inflammatory therapy with either cyclosporine, tacrolimus, or prednisolone acetate combined with a topical antiviral or oral therapy with megestrol acetate.  Side effects of topical therapy include…

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