Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD) and Treatment in Dogs

Intervertebral disks are the “cushions” in the space between spinal vertebrae. These disks are subject to a number of degenerative conditions and forces that predispose them to bulge or rupture over time. This rupture leads to damage to the spinal cord. Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) is the most common cause of spinal cord injury in dogs.  With proper attention, many dogs with this painful and debilitating condition can recover to a comfortable and more active…

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Ruptured Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CrCL) Repair in Dogs

The cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) or anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four ligaments within the knee and is the most important joint stabilizer.  Injury to this ligament is common in dogs.  The ligament connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone) and prevents the tibia from sliding forward during normal leg use. Facts about cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) in dogs: CrCL rupture is a common orthopedic injury and the most common…

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Gastrointestinal Foreign bodies (FB) in Dogs and Cats

Obstructive stomach or intestinal foreign bodies (FB) occur when a pet eats a non-food foreign object and it cannot pass through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Foreign bodies can be toys, socks, pantyhose, string, bones, and even mulch.  These items can become lodged under the tongue, or inside the esophagus, stomach, or intestinal tract.  Sometimes FBs can become lodged in multiple locations in the GI tract if they are composed of string, fabric or carpet (i.e.

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