Canine Epilepsy: Current Ideas and Therapies

Epilepsy is the most common neurologic condition within the domesticated dog. Epilepsy in itself is a complex disease and by this very nature can make one patient easy to treat while the next drug-resistant. Epilepsy itself is defined as the enduring predisposition of having epileptic seizures. An epileptic seizure is defined as a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. Common clinical signs of epileptic…

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IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: Beagle with Neurological Signs

Take the IDEXX challenge and diagnose this dog’s neurological problems History and signalment: A six-year-old female spayed Beagle mix presented to the MedVet Columbus neurology service with a 2-month history of left sided vestibular signs with a rapid progression over about 5 days to a non-ambulatory state and nystagmus. The clinical signs had early on showed improvement with corticosteroids. Imaging studies by the neurologist revealed a brain mass via MRI. The mass was located on…

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Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vestibular Dysfunction in Dogs and Cats

Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vestibular Dysfunction in Dogs and Cats Disorders of the vestibular system are commonly encountered in domestic species of dogs and cats.  Proper diagnosis is key to successful treatment, with most forms of vestibular disease being treatable.   Diagnosis can be aided by the history obtained from the client, as well as careful examination of the vestibular system. Diagnostic testing may further support and/or confirm a diagnosis, leading to definitive…

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the Feline Brain

Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Feline Brain Diagnosis of epilepsy in canine and feline patients involves careful history taking, accurate physical and neurologic examinations, and appropriate diagnostic testing, including advanced imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis.  Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for imaging brain tissue. Unfortunately, this diagnostic procedure is an expensive test and does come with the risks inherent to anesthetic procedures.  As clinicians, we have to be able to explain to clients the…

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Key Points for Recommendations Regarding the Feeding of a Novel medium-chain TAG diet* for the Treatment of Epileptic Seizures in Dogs

Key points for recommendations regarding the feeding of a novel medium-chain TAG diet* for the treatment of epileptic seizures in dogs Canine diets have diversified substantially in recent years and now include many formulations.  There are prescription diets, diets formulated for specific niches such as grain-free, joint health, and age, raw diets and many, many others.  More recently, research modeled on human medicine has focused on diets designed to promote cognitive health and epilepsy management. …

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