Advanced Echocardiographic Techniques for Dogs & Cats

Advanced echocardiographic techniques lead to improvements in cardiac assessment of veterinary patients. Elements of a standard echocardiogram have historically included:  1) 2 dimensional and M-mode imaging (Fig 1A) of standard views of the heart, primarily for determining size and motion of cardiac structures; 2) color flow Doppler analysis (Fig 1B) for evaluating blood flow patterns; 3) traditional spectral Doppler analysis (Fig 1C), which measures blood flow velocity, and 4) contemporaneous ECG monitoring to accurately characterize…

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Consider the Breed when Assessing Vertebral Heart Score in Dogs

Veterinary Cardiology Tip Consider the breed when assessing vertebral heart score in dogs. Thoracic radiography often provides the first glimpse of cardiac structures in dogs being evaluated for potential heart disease.  Though an important diagnostic tool, the mostly subjective nature of radiographic review poses a challenge when evaluating the heart.  Subjective impressions of heart size can be influenced by the relationship between the cardiac silhouette and the surrounding lung fields, with smaller lung fields contributing to an…

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Use of Pimobendan in Dogs with Pre-clinical Degenerative Valve Disease & Cardiomegaly

Pimobendan helps prolong the symptom-free period for dogs with pre-clinical degenerative valve disease and cardiomegaly – EPIC Trial results. The EPIC (Evaluation of Pimobendan In dogs with Cardiomegaly caused by preclinical mitral valve disease) Trial results have been published and look to propose new recommendations for dogs with heart enlargement secondary to degenerative valve disease that have not yet developed congestive heart failure (Stage B2 dogs).1  To date, this represents the largest (360 dogs) prospective,…

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