Heat Stroke in Dogs: A State of Multi-organ Dysfunction

Heat stroke in dogs is a common disorder with life-threatening consequences. This article will review the causes of hyperthermia and the negative impact of high temperatures on organ function. Causes of Hyperthermia in Dogs Hyperthermia is an abnormally high body temperature, and in dogs, it is typically observed between 104.9F – 109.4F. There are two forms of hyperthermia: pyrogenic and non-pyrogenic. With pyrogenic hyperthermia, the body is presented with pyrogens (ex – substances produced from…

Read More

Management of Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disorder (FLUTD)

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disorder (FLUTD) describes a clinical syndrome which manifests as pollakiuria, stranguria, and hematuria. Cats also frequently develop a habit of inappropriate elimination, which can hamper the human-animal bond and may result in relinquishment or euthanasia, making understanding of how to treat this a disorder of crucial importance. It is estimated that 5% of cats develop FLUTD, with equal representation between males and females. However, due to anatomical differences, there is a…

Read More

Outpatient Protocol for Dogs with Parvoviral Enteritis

Canine parvovirus (CPV) is a serious and potentially fatal viral illness that remains common in dogs, despite the availability and efficacy of vaccinations. Without treatment, parvoviral enteritis has a mortality rate in excess of 90%. Hospitalization and aggressive care can decrease mortality to 10-30%; however, this approach is often cost prohibitive. In this article, we will review an outpatient protocol for dogs with parvoviral enteritis. There has been recent investigation into the efficacy and safety…

Read More

Common Toxins That Cause Acute Kidney Injury in Dogs and Cats

At MedVet, we treat dogs and cats for ingestion of kidney toxins on at least a weekly, sometimes even daily, basis. In this article we will review common toxins causing acute kidney injury in dogs and cats, how we prevent and treat the renal effects, and how we monitor for acute kidney injury. NSAID Toxicity in Dogs and Cats Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce inflammation and pain via the inhibition of COX enzymes, preventing the conversion…

Read More

Understanding Blood Lactate Levels in Dogs with Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV)

Measuring blood lactate levels in dogs with Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) can guide you on your resuscitation efforts and help you better understand the prognosis as you communicate with dog owners. Below are tips on measuring blood lactates that may help you in your practice. What is a Blood Lactate Actually Measuring? Lactic acid is a weak acid and dissociates into lactate (-) and H+. Normally glucose is converted into pyruvate via glycolysis in the…

Read More