“Truckstop” and a Full Recovery from Skin Lesions

Truckstop was a 6-8 week old black Labrador Retriever presented by a concerned neighbor to the veterinary dermatologist for evaluation of a severe itch and generalized crusting dermatitis of unknown duration. Past medical history was not available. The skin lesions involved the entire face, neck, limbs, elbows, hocks, abdomen, chest, and portions of the trunk. At these sites, lesions consisted of papules and crusts with profound hair loss. Secondary lesions included thickening of the skin,…

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Treatment of Demodex Mange in Young Dog

This young dog was brought to the emergency clinic by animal control and a local pit bull rescue organization took over his care. Presentation As you can see in his initial photos below, he had a dermatology problem! Lesions that were present included alopecia (hair loss), erythema (red skin), comedones (black heads), lichenification (thickened skin). He was mildly itching. After dermatologic examination, Dr. Pinchbeck performed some in-office routine diagnostic tests (skin surface cytology and deep…

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Treatment for Calcinosis Cutis in Dogs

Calcinosis cutis (CC) is the deposition of inorganic, insoluble mineral salts into the different layers of the skin. It is characterized histologically (under the microscope in tissue samples) by mineralization of dermal collagen fibers, accumulation of macrophages and mixed inflammatory infiltrates, acanthosis (thickening of skin), ulceration and evidence of elimination of mineral through the skin.   Treatment for Calcinosis Cutis in Dogs Calcinosis cutis is classified based upon the cause. Metastatic CC occurs when…

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Symmetric Lupoid Onychodystrophy (AKA Symmetric Lupoid Onychitis) in Dogs

Healthy Nail Bed and Paw Nail diseases are very interesting to diagnose and treat as a veterinary dermatologist. Infections (bacterial paronychia, onychomycosis), immune mediated diseases (SLE, Pemphigus vulgaris, bullous pemphigoid), trauma, tumors (melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, keratoacanthoma), inflammatory (vasculitis), metabolic (hepatocutaneous syndrome), and other conditions (nail bed inclusion cysts) may affect the nails and/or nail bed epithelium. Signs of Symmetric Lupoid Onychodystrophy In dogs, there is an interesting nail disease called symmetric lupoid onychodystrophy/onychitis…

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Some Skin Conditions are Breed Associated: Zinc Responsive Dermatosis in the French Bulldog

Veterinary dermatologists primarily care for dogs and cats with conditions involving the skin, ears, hair coat, nails and mucosae. We see parasites, skin infections, allergic diseases, autoimmune diseases, hormone imbalances, and metabolic or systemic diseases that have cutaneous manifestations. Many skin diseases have characteristic features or breed associations we are trained to identify. The first thing we note at the time of an initial consultation is the signalment (species, age and breed). We inquire about…

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