Dr. Caeley's Corner - Volume 1

“Prevalence and Characterization of Hypoadrenocorticism (HA) in Dogs with Signs of Chronic GI Disease; A Multicenter Study” – Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, June 2020   Key Points: 30% of dogs with hypoadrenocorticism are found atypical (exclusive glucocorticoid deficiency therefore electrolytes are normal). These cases often present with GI signs (anorexia 89%, vomiting 72%, diarrhea 35%). Other signs included abnormal fecal consistency (mucoid stools, tenesmus, hematochezia, melena). GI signs are…

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ZNLabs Adventures in Pathology: Diagnose a Puppy with an Abdominal Mass

Presenting Complaint and History A three-month-old, intact female Miniature Australian Shepherd was presented to MedVet Dallas for hematuria and a distended abdomen.  Initial diagnostic tests and results were as follows: A complete blood count (CBC) showed neutrophilia and monocytosis. Biochemistry profile showed mildly elevated Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) and mildly elevated chloride. An abdominal ultrasound was performed and showed a large, invasive mass that appeared to be originating from the right kidney. Fine needle aspiration…

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IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: Puppy with a Fever

A 5-month-old female intact French Bulldog puppy residing in Kentucky presented to her primary veterinarian for lethargy, lymphadenopathy, and fever. The puppy had been recently purchased from a pet store. A CBC, serum chemistries, and urinalysis were run and the puppy was found to be moderately anemic. The anemia was non-regenerative at that time. The remaining CBC was WNL.  Review the blood slides (figure 1 and figure 2) below and consider your interpretation. What Is…

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Adventures in Pathology: Diagnose the Abdominal Mass in This Dog

Diagnose the Abdominal Mass in This Dog Read this presenting complaint and history below, evaluate the slides and make your diagnosis.  Presenting Complaint and History An 11-year-old male neutered Golden Retriever mix was presented to the MedVet Mandeville Internal Medicine team with a history of a single bout of vomiting. An abdominal ultrasound revealed four mixed echogenic masses in the left and right abdomen, which did not have any appreciable connection to specific organs.

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IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: Diagnose the Cause of Anemia in This Cat

A complete blood count (CBC) from a three-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat with severe anemia was submitted to IDEXX Reference Laboratory. No clinical history was received with the sample. Review the CBC (figure 1) and blood smears (figure 2 and 3) below. What is Your Interpretation of this CBC and Blood Smears? Selected CBC Results Figure 1. Select CBC results from a 3-year-old anemic cat.   Figure 2. Blood…

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