Lyme Disease: Tips for Treating Positive Dogs

Lyme Disease: Tips for Treating Positive Dogs Most dogs and cats seropositive for Borrelia burdorferi (Bb) seroconvert (i.e. develop antibodies) but show no clinical signs. Cats exposed experimentally show no clinical signs (CS) even after second exposure and overall it is unknown if cats develop CS of Lyme Borreliosis (LB). The two most common forms of LB include Lyme arthritis and Lyme nephritis.  Signs of Lyme arthritis, seen in a small subset of infected dogs,…

Read More

IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: Dog with Vague GI Signs

This is abdominal fluid from an 8-year-old male neutered, medium sized, mixed breed dog. The dog presented with vague gastrointestinal (GI) signs of vomiting and inappetence. Imaging studies showed the presence of free abdominal fluid. Approximately 5 ml of fluid was collected and submitted for cytologic exam. What is Your Interpretation of the Cytology? The sediment slide was stained with Wright’s stain(figures 1 – 5) and was directed to a clinical pathologist for review.  What…

Read More

Treatment Options for Benign Esophageal Strictures in Dogs and Cats

Benign esophageal strictures in dogs and cats are uncommon. They most often arise secondary to esophagitis and are usually associated with gastroesophageal reflux during anesthesia or vomiting of gastric contents. Benign esophageal strictures also occur secondary to esophageal foreign body or other traumatic event to the esophagus.  Stricture formation occurs when inflammation extends into the submucosal and muscular layers of the esophagus and stimulates production of fibrous connective tissue. [1] Stricture formation results in frequent…

Read More

IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: A Sick Lab with GI & Ocular Disease

IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: A Sick Lab with GI & Ocular Disease Charlie was a three-year-old Labrador retriever presenting to his veterinarian with hemorrhagic diarrhea for at least one week, lethargy, uveitis, and acute onset of blindness and incoordination . Diagnostic testing included free catch urinalysis. Diagnostic Test Results The patient had a mild inflammatory and superimposed stress leukogram with a mild non-regenerative anemia. The chemistries were not available. Urine collected via free catch was submitted…

Read More

Diagnosis and Treatment of Tracheal Collapse in Dogs

Diagnosis and Treatment of Tracheal Collapse in Dogs Tracheal collapse is most common in middle aged to older small breed dogs with the Yorkshire terrier, Pug, Chihuahua, Poodle, and Maltese being over represented. The condition can be congenital but is often caused by progressive generative changes of the tracheal cartilages (tracheomalacia) leading to a loss of tracheal integrity and a subsequent reduction of tracheal diameter. This loss of tracheal diameter leads to clinical signs including…

Read More