Diagnosis and Treatment of Tracheal Collapse in Dogs

Diagnosis and Treatment of Tracheal Collapse in Dogs Tracheal collapse is most common in middle aged to older small breed dogs with the Yorkshire terrier, Pug, Chihuahua, Poodle, and Maltese being over represented. The condition can be congenital but is often caused by progressive generative changes of the tracheal cartilages (tracheomalacia) leading to a loss of tracheal integrity and a subsequent reduction of tracheal diameter. This loss of tracheal diameter leads to clinical signs including…

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IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: A 2-month Old Dog with Respiratory Signs

Take the IDEXX Challenge and Diagnose this Puppy’s Problem What’s Your Diagnosis?  A 2-month old dog with respiratory signs was being evaluated and a routine CBC was submitted to IDEXX. An in-house chemistry panel was performed by the referring veterinarian and all values were within normal limits. Diagnostic Test Results Selected CBC results Blood Smear Examination Take a look at the slides below, interpret the slides, and make your diagnosis. 100x objective…

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Two Important Tips for Taking Radiographs in Your Practice

We would like to share two important tips for taking radiographs in your practice. These tips include the benefit of three-view and left lateral thoracic and abdominal radiographs. TIP 1: 3-VIEW THORACIC AND ABDOMINAL X-RAYS IN DOGS AND CATS OVER 2-VIEW STUDIES Obtaining two-view radiographs in dogs and cats has long been common practice, most frequently acquiring right lateral and ventrodorsal (VD) projections. The more contemporary standard of care is three-view thoracic and abdominal radiographic studies…

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Update on Canine Influenza (H3N2)

There are new outbreaks of the H3N2 strain of influenza occurring in dogs.  This is the mutated strain that was first seen in Asia and not the same as the H3N8 strain that was originally seen in the United States (Florida and Louisiana). With any newer strain, outbreaks will happen in immunologically naive populations which is what has been seen (previously in Houston, Chicago, Atlanta).   We recommend Upper Respiratory PCR testing of any dog with upper…

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IDEXX Diagnostic Challenge: Golden Retriever with Enlarged Lymph Nodes

A 9-year-old male golden retriever presented for evaluation of persistent and slowly progressive submandibular and prescapular lymphadenopathy. Peripheral blood was submitted to IDEXX for a CBC. Fine needle aspirate samples for cytology were collected from both prescapular lymph nodes and the right mandibular lymph node. An aspirate sample from the left prescapular lymph node was also placed in a lymph node aspirate transport tube for flow cytometry. Please review the test results below to come…

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