Toxic Dose of Naproxen in Dogs

Naproxen, most commonly known by the names Midol® and Aleve®, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).  It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Like other NSAIDs, it can be used therapeutically in dogs but overdoses and toxicities are common. Naproxen has a narrow margin of safety. Unlike humans and many other species who eliminate naproxen in urine, dogs require extensive enterohepatic recirculation and eliminate naproxen in the feces. This accounts for a…

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Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) for Dogs and Cats

In the past several years, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has become increasingly popular with veterinarians and their clients. As the human-animal bond continues to grow, dog and cat owners are increasingly aware of and concerned about pain resulting from surgical procedures for their pets. Clients also associate their own medical experiences with those of their pets and frequently ask for less invasive, less painful procedures. MIS procedures provide both diagnostic and therapeutic value, allowing veterinarians…

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Sugar Glider History and Care Recommendations

Background Information on Sugar Gliders Sugar Gliders (Petaurus breviceps) are small, nocturnal marsupials native to Australia and New Guinea. Sugar gliders are affectionate and very intelligent, and can make an excellent pet for the right family. Sugar gliders are nocturnal animals that have large eyes for superior night vision. Sugar gliders possess a furred web of skin or gliding membrane, which runs along each side of the body from the wrist to the ankle. Males…

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